How A Comma Changes Meaning?

What are the 8 rules for commas?

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) …

USE A COMMA TO SEPARATE INDEPENDENT CLAUSES.

USE A COMMA AFTER AN INTRODUCTORY CLAUSE OR PHRASE.

USE A COMMA BETWEEN ALL ITEMS IN A SERIES.

USE COMMAS TO SET OFF NONRESTRICTIVE CLAUSES.

USE A COMMA TO SET OFF APPOSITIVES.

USE A COMMA TO INDICATE DIRECT ADDRESS.More items….

Why are commas important examples?

Commas are, arguably, the most important grammatical tool the English language has to offer. They splice a sentence, providing cohesion and unity. Commas also allow the reader to understand the proper connotation of a writer’s words.

Should I put a comma before and?

The word and is a conjunction, and when a conjunction joins two independent clauses, you should use a comma with it. The proper place for the comma is before the conjunction. … Therefore, we need a comma before and. Don’t use a comma before and when one of the clauses it’s connecting is a dependent clause.

Do I need a comma?

2. Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. A dependent clause is a grammatical unit that contains both subject and verb but cannot stand on its own, like “When I went running …” Commas always follow these clauses at the start of a sentence.

Which is or that is?

In a defining clause, use that. In non-defining clauses, use which. Remember, which is as disposable as a sandwich bag. If you can remove the clause without destroying the meaning of the sentence, the clause is nonessential and you can use which.

What is the most important job that commas have?

Well, a comma is the most important punctuation mark for ensuring clarity in a sentence. However, it is often incorrectly used, which can sometimes have comical results.

How apostrophes change meaning?

your, yours, their, theirs, whose. • If you use an apostrophe, this is actually a contraction and the meaning. changes: it’s (it is), you’re (you are), they’re (they are), who’s (who is) 2.

What is the purpose of a comma?

The comma functions as a tool to indicate to readers a certain separation of words, phrases, or ideas in order to prevent misreading the writer’s intended meaning. When a sentence is spoken aloud, a comma often represents a pause, which in verbal conversation functions to clarify meaning.

How does the location of a comma affect the sentences meaning?

Commas break up sentences into bits that go together. They divide phrases and group things together. So depending on where we put a comma (or not put a comma), we can change the meaning of the sentence.

What are commas examples?

Use commas to separate words and word groups in a simple series of three or more items. Example: My estate goes to my husband, son, daughter-in-law, and nephew. Note: When the last comma in a series comes before and or or (after daughter-in-law in the above example), it is known as the Oxford comma.

Why are apostrophes important?

The apostrophe has two functions: it marks possession, and it is used in contractions to indicate the place where the letters have been omitted. In singular, possession is marked by ‘s, written immediately after the possessor. Important: there is no apostrophe before the possessive –s with pronouns.

Where do I put a comma?

Extended Rules for Using CommasUse commas to separate independent clauses when they are joined by any of these seven coordinating conjunctions: and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet. … Use commas after introductory a) clauses, b) phrases, or c) words that come before the main clause.More items…

How bad grammar can change meaning?

Missing or overused punctuation marks can change meaning and/or confuse the reader. In extreme cases, ambiguous sentences that are hard to decipher can be misinterpreted, putting lives at risk. For example, unclear instructions on the use of mechanical equipment, or on medication packaging, could lead to fatal errors.

Does my sentence need a comma?

Common Comma Uses Use a comma before any coordinating conjunction that links two independent clauses. Use a comma after a dependent clause that starts a sentence. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Use commas to separate items in a series.

What does a comma tattoo mean?

A semicolon tattoo is a tattoo of the semicolon punctuation mark (;) used as a message of affirmation and solidarity against suicide, depression, addiction, and other mental health issues.